5. Waste storage systems

At the end of this session you will be able to:

  • Identify poor waste storage and disposal practices
  • Describe correct methods of storing waste and chemicals
  • Describe methods of disposing of wastes and chemicals

Waste on Farms

There are organic wastes and inorganic wastes.

Organic wastes can cause problems on a farm as they cannot be used as a source of nutrients.

As such they have to be stored on the farm and then disposed of correctly.

Look at the following slides and work out how they should be stored and disposed of.

Plastic sheets and round bale wrapping


Tyres, waste oil and batteries


Chemical containers and sharps


What are the rules for waste storage?

Disposal of fallen stock

Fallen stock (livestock that dies of natural causes or disease or which is killed on a farm for purposes other than human consumption) must be disposed of in accordance with the Animal By-Products Regulations (Enforcement) (England) Regulations 2011.

If livestock dies on your farm, it must be collected, identified and transported from your farm as soon as reasonably practical.

You must not:

  • burn or bury fallen stock on your farm
  • feed fallen stock to red kites or necrophagous birds (birds that feed on carcases)

You must arrange for the animal to collected by an approved transporter and taken for disposal to one of the following:

  • knacker
  • hunt kennel
  • maggot farm
  • incinerator
  • renderer

Disposal of hazardous waste

There are strict controls relating to the disposal of hazardous waste. Hazardous waste includes:

  • asbestos;
  • chemicals, eg brake fluid or print toner;
  • batteries;
  • solvents;
  • pesticides;
  • oils (except edible ones), eg car oil;
  • equipment containing ozone-depleting substances, eg fridges;
  • hazardous waste containers.

Use authorised businesses to collect, recycle or dispose of your hazardous waste – check that waste carriers are registered and waste sites have environmental permits.

Disposal of waste plastic

Waste plastic such as silage wrap and pesticide containers must be disposed of at a registered disposal site. Incineration is prohibited.

Disposal of waste milk

If milk is produced on your farm, animal by-product (ABP) regulations don’t apply and, as long as it stays on your farm, you can dispose of it how you want, including:

  • spreading it on your land without stopping animals from grazing on the land;
  • feeding it to calves on your premises;
  • It is not recommended to feed antibiotic waste milk to calves.


There are numerous waste types on a farm and it is the duty of the farmer to dispose of them correctly.

Waste can damage the environment by pollution.

Earth resources are limited and recycling should be a priority.