Cymraeg

2: Types of Waste in Agriculture

At the end of this session you will be able to:

  • List different types of waste commonly found in a farm business
  • Recognise the source of each waste
  • Define organic, inorganic, hazardous and recyclable waste
  • Distribute waste into groups

Types of waste

There are 4 main categories which waste from farms fit into:

  • Organic
  • Inorganic
  • Hazardous
  • Recyclable

Management of nutrients and wastes

Organic and Inorganic wastes

  • Organic Wastes - Organic wastes are usually of animal or plant origin.
  • Inorganic Wastes - Inorganic wastes are chemical substances of mineral origin.

Can you identify more waste from this image?

More

Wastes from Agricultural Industries

  • ORGANIC
  • Slurry
  • Farm Yard Manure
  • Dead stock
  • Tree cuttings/ clippings
  • Grass mowings
  • Plants

Wastes from Agricultural Industries

  • INORGANIC
  • Chemical fertilizers
  • Tyres
  • Plastics from Silage clamps/bales
  • Tyres
  • Waste oil
  • Scrap machinery
  • Animal health containers
  • Needles and syringes
  • Sheep dip wash
  • Aerosols
  • Baler twine and Net wrap
  • Tree guards

Other definitions of Waste

Hazardous

Definition - According to the Health and safety Executive:

‘Waste is considered 'hazardous' under environmental legislation when it contains substances or has properties that might make it harmful to human health or the environment. This does not necessarily mean it is an immediate risk to human health, although some waste can be.’

http://www.hse.gov.uk/waste/hazardouswaste.htm

Other definitions of Waste

Recyclable

According to eschool:

Recycling is processing used materials (waste) into new, useful products. This is done to reduce the use of raw materials that would have been used. Recycling also uses less energy and is a great way of controlling air, water and land pollution.

https://www.eschooltoday.com/waste-recycling/what-is-recycling.html

Hazardous Wastes from Farms

Disposal of hazardous waste - There are strict controls relating to the disposal of hazardous waste. Hazardous waste includes:

  • asbestos;
  • chemicals, eg brake fluid or print toner;
  • batteries;
  • solvents;
  • pesticides;
  • oils (except edible ones), eg car oil;
  • equipment containing ozone-depleting substances, eg fridges;
  • hazardous waste containers.

Recycling waste

  • Agricultural Plastic Recycling
  • The plastic recycling process involves cleaning, shredding and pelletising for onward use.
  • Plastic material suitable for recycling is classified under an R code for waste recovery, which is beneficial for environmental accreditations.
  • Suitable for recycling
  • Plastic Packaging & Containers
  • Silage Wrap/Film
  • Bale Wrap/Film
  • Crop Covers
  • Polytunnel
  • Chemical Plastic Drums
  • Fertiliser Bags
  • Seed Trays

Source of organic waste

Slurry

Source of organic waste

Slurry

Source of organic waste

Slurry

Source of organic waste

Slurry

Source of inorganic waste

Slurry

Source of inorganic waste

Slurry

Source of inorganic waste

Slurry

Source of inorganic waste

Slurry

Source of inorganic waste

Slurry

Source of inorganic waste

Slurry

Source of inorganic waste

Slurry

Source of inorganic waste

Slurry

Source of inorganic waste

Slurry

Source of inorganic waste

Slurry

Source of inorganic waste

Slurry

Source of inorganic waste

Slurry

Source of inorganic waste

Slurry

Source of inorganic waste

Slurry

Summary

  • Organic waste - a waste deriving from a plant or animal, which can usually be broken down by organisms
  • Inorganic waste - a waste deriving from man-made materials, which would not disintegrate through being broken down by organisms
  • Recyclable waste - wastes that can be used for a different purpose to their original purpose
  • Hazardous waste - waste that has the potential to cause harm, including indirectly, to the environment and humans.

Useful resource - Guidance on the classification and assessment of waste