1: Introduction to Pollution and Waste Management

At the end of this session you will be able to:

  • Define pollution and waste
  • Identify farming practices that can pose a threat to the environment
  • Discuss the impact of farming pollution on the environment


Pollution is a negative term and implies that waste control measures are ineffective. Not all spent products are ‘waste’ either i.e. slurry, FYM and food waste. As ‘Prevention is better than cure’, it would it better to refer to this module as:
Management of nutrients and wastes.

Which agricultural industries pollute?

  • Livestock breeding farms
  • Arable farms
  • Forestry
  • Fishing
  • Horticulture
  • Poultry units
  • Pig production units

What are the effects of pollution?









Answer the following questions by carrying out research:

  • What is the average fine for polluting the rivers with farm cow slurry?
  • What is the role of the NRW: National Resources Wales
  • What is the role of the Environment Agency
  • What is the role of the Welsh Government in preventing Farm pollution from affecting the environment


  • Pollution is an ever-increasing problem in modern society and farming is one of the industries which is to blame.
  • It is agreed that some of the 'waste' identified on farms is actually a source of nutrients which can be applied to the land.
  • All farms have waste and the way that they are managed affects the likelihood of pollution affecting the environment.
  • It is mainly the farmer's responsibility to stop pollution from farms affecting the air, water, and soil.
  • Governments and Environmental agencies have their role to play in education, giving guidance on good practice and monitoring.
  • Certain organizations have the right to prosecute farmers who fail to comply with the law.